?Site of Qingdao Hill Emplacement
Located on Qingdao Hill in Shinan District, Qingdao and built in 1905, this is the only site on Asian Battlefield in World War I. It is originally called Bismarck Emplacement and also Jingshan Emplacement, consisting of south and north emplacements and the underground headquarters, and additionally interlinked with Bismarck Barracks via secret passage, it served as a key coastal defense facility when Germany captured Qingdao. At Japan’s aggression against Qingdao in 1914, prior to defeat and surrender German troops blew down south and north emplacements of own accord, only the underground headquarters left wholly. The Site of Emplacement was listed into municipal-level protected units of cultural relics in 1984. In 1997, the museum of Site of Qingdao Hill Emplacement was constructed. The Site of Emplacement was listed into key national protected units of cultural relics in 2006 as one of the German architectural complexes in Qingdao.