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青岛山炮台遗址
青岛政务网 发布日期 : 2020-09-10 来源 : 青岛市情网
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  &苍产蝉辫;  青岛山炮台遗址
    ?Site of Qingdao Hill Emplacement
     

  位于青岛市市南区青岛山,建于1905年,第一次世界大战亚洲战场唯一遗址。原名俾斯麦炮台,又称京山炮台,包括南、北炮台和地下指挥所,另有暗道与俾斯麦兵营相通,是德国占领青岛时期的重要海岸防御设施。1914年,日本第一次侵占青岛,德军战败投降前自行炸毁南、北炮台,唯地下指挥所保存较完整。1984年,被列为市级文物保护单位。1997年,建青岛山炮台遗址展览馆。2006年,作为青岛德国建筑群之一,被列为全国重点文物保护单位。
  Located on Qingdao Hill in Shinan District, Qingdao and built in 1905, this is the only site on Asian Battlefield in World War I. It is originally called Bismarck Emplacement and also Jingshan Emplacement, consisting of south and north emplacements and the underground headquarters, and additionally interlinked with Bismarck Barracks via secret passage, it served as a key coastal defense facility when Germany captured Qingdao. At Japan’s aggression against Qingdao in 1914, prior to defeat and surrender German troops blew down south and north emplacements of own accord, only the underground headquarters left wholly. The Site of Emplacement was listed into municipal-level protected units of cultural relics in 1984. In 1997, the museum of Site of Qingdao Hill Emplacement was constructed. The Site of Emplacement was listed into key national protected units of cultural relics in 2006 as one of the German architectural complexes in Qingdao.
  

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